Student education culture high expectations

How teachers can create a culture of high expectations in their classroom

Research Reviews
Author: Julie Smith


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  4. Brattesani, K, Weinstein, R, and Marshall, H (1984). Student Perceptions of Differential Teacher Treatment as Moderators of Teacher Expectation Effects. Journal of Educational Psychology. 76 (2), pp.236-247.
  5. Brophy, J (1983). Research on the Self-Fulfilling Prophecy and Teacher Expectations. Journal of Educational Psychology. 75 (5), pp.631-661.
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  7. Correll, S and Ridgeway C (2003). Expectation States Theory Handbook of Social Psychology New York: Kluwer Academic.
  8. Dixon, A (2002) Editorial Forum. 44 (1), p.1.
  9. DfE (2012). Sir Michael Wilshaw's first speech as chief inspector of Ofsted. [Accessed 28th January 2016].
  10. Drummond, M., Hart, S. and Swann, M (2013). An Alternative Approach to School Development. Forum. 55 (1), pp.121-132.
  11. El-Sheikh, M., Buckhalt, J. A., Cummings, E. M., & Keller, P (2007). Sleep disruptions and emotional insecurity are pathway of risk for children. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. 48 (1), pp. 88–96.
  12. Evans, G. W., Gonnella, C., Marcynyszyn, L. A., Gentile, L., & Salpekar, N. (2005). The role of chaos in poverty and children’s socioemotional adjustment. Psychological Science. 16 (7), pp. 560–565.
  13. Hart, S., Annabelle, D., Drummond, M.J. and McIntyre, D. (2004) Learning Without Limits. Berkshire: OUP.
  14. Hattie, J (2009) Visible Learning MUA: Taylor and Francis
  15. Hearnshaw, L. (1979). Cyril Burt: Psychologist. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
  16. Ireson, J and Hallam S (2005). Pupils’ liking for school: ability grouping, self-concept and perceptions of teaching. British Journal of Educational Psychology. 75 (2), pp.297-311
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  18. Kamin, L.J. (1974). The science and politics of IQ. Potomac, MD: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
  19. Krapohl, E, Rimfield, K, Shakeshaft, N, Trzaskowski, M, McMillan, A, Pingault, J.B., Asbury, K, Harlaar, N, Kovas, Y, Dale, P and Plomin, R (2014). The High Heritability of Educational Achievement Reflects Many Genetically Influenced Traits, Not Just Intelligence.
  20. Kutnick, P., Blatchford P., Baines, E. (2005). Grouping of Pupils in Secondary School Classrooms: Possible Links between Pedagogy and Learning. Social Psychology of Education. (8) 4, pp.349-374.
  21. Muller, C., Katz, S. and Dance, L. (1999). Investing in Teaching and Learning: Dynamics of the Teacher-Student Relationship from Each Actor’s Perspective. Urban Education. 34 (3) pp. 292-337.
  22. Rogers, S., and Gunter, H. (2012). Crouching target, hidden child Management in Education 26 (3) pp.140 -147.
  23. Rosenthal, R, and L. Jacobsen (1968). Pygmalion in the classroom: teacher expectation and pupils’ intellectual development. New York: Holt: Rinehart and Winston.
  24. Rubovits, P. and Maehr, M. (1971). Pymalion Analysed: Towards an Explanation of the Rosenthal-Jacobson Findings. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 19 (2), pp.197-293.
  25. Rubie-Davies, C., Peterson, E., Sibley, C. and Rosenthal, R (2015. A Teacher Expectation Intervention: Modelling the Practices of High Expectation Teachers. Contemporary Educational Psychology. (40), pp.72-85.
  26. Spitz, H. (1999). Beleagured Pymalion: A History of the Controversy Over Claims that Teacher Expectancy Raises Intelligence. Intelligence. 27 (3), pp. 199-234.
  27. Weinstein, R.S. (2002). Reaching Higher: The Power of Expectation in Schooling. Cambridge, MA: Havard University Press.
  28. Yeagar, D. and Dweck, C. (2012). Mindsets that promote resilience: When Students Believe that Personal Characteristics Can Be Developed. Educational Psychologist. 47 (4) pp. 302-14.