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The Neural Basis of Mathematical Skills: Exploring Domain-Specific and Domain-General Cognitive Abilities

The development of mathematical skills is intrinsically connected to different domain-specific and domain-general cognitive abilities. Domain-specific abilities encompass mental processes that are unique to a particular domain. In the case of mathematics, the symbolic understanding of numerical quantities and numerical order—the number of elements within a set and the sequence of numbers respectively—form a crucial […]

Supporting children’s language and literacy

Supporting children’s language and literacy learning environment in disadvantaged households in the United States: Challenges and opportunities Children’s early learning experiences set the stage for later language trajectories and school success. In this talk, Dr. Luo will present findings on children’s language and literacy experiences in families from U.S. low-income, language-minority backgrounds. Specifically, the talk […]

Brain Basis of Language Development

Abstract: There are comprehensive neuro-cognitive models of language processing in the adult brain, but we do not understand how language develops and what determines variability in skill. Our work attempts to determine the nature of specialization for phonology, semantics and syntax in the temporal and frontal cortices in 5- to 9-year-old children. We are testing Interactive […]

How can teachers become learning scientists, and why would this improve education? Teacher Development in Mind, Brain, and Education

Abstract: Many ask why the fields of Educational Neuroscience and Mind, Brain, and Education have not advanced more rapidly into professional development circles. Since the inception of Mind, Brain, and Education science in 2003 and the Society founding in 2007, thousands of teachers have participated in conferences like IMBES, Learning & the Brain, EARLI’s SIG 22 […]

Place-value structure of the Arabic number notation is a key to why math is difficult for a subgroup of people with dyscalculia

Developmental dyscalculia (DD) is a math-specific learning difficulty that is believed to be a multi-cause condition. Former measurements found that typically developing adults and children process place-value number notations (such as the Arabic numbers) harder than sign-value notations (such as the Roman numbers) in simple mathematical tasks. Computational considerations suggest that place-value notation processing requires […]